A beginner’s guide to replica guns

I know from messages I receive and from chatting with folk that there are people out there who are interested in replica guns but are confused about what this hobby involves. That’s what this article is about: it’s a beginner’s guide to the world of replica guns.

I know that one of the problems for beginners is that they are not sure about what the different types of replica are suitable for, which type(s) of replica is legal where they live and what would suit the type of shooting they want to do. They’re also not sure about how to be safe when shooting replicas. If that’s you, if you think that blowback is something you get after eating a particularly hot curry and you aren’t sure of the difference between an AEG and ABS, this may be a good place to start.

Why would you want a replica?

Replica guns are popular for lots of reasons, but mostly because they allow you to experience shooting without the cost, legal issues and potential risk of owning and using firearms. You can shoot replicas safely just about anywhere: in your backyard, basement or even your bedroom.  For these reasons, replica shooting is becoming more and more popular, but before you dive in, there are a few things you need to know.  

Lots of movies use replica guns – this image from the Walking Dead features an airsoft M9.  

What do we mean by a replica anyway?

A replica gun is just what the name suggests: it’s something that looks like a firearm. However, there are several different forms of replica: inert replicas, PFC replicas and shooting replicas. Inert replicas look like guns and are usually made of metal, they have some level of functionality but they are not capable of shooting. These are really intended as wall decorations or props for costumes. Spanish company Denix are probably the largest single producer of inert guns and their products are sold around the world. Some other (mainly Japanese) companies produce PFC (Plug Fire Cap) replicas. These are functional replicas that use special caps to replicate the action of firearms, but they don’t actually fire anything out of the barrel.

This is a Denix replica of the Mauser C96 pistol from the late 19th century. It looks a lot like the original, but it doesn’t shoot so it isn’t covered on this site.

This site isn’t about inert or PFC replicas, it’s about replica guns that use a spring, compressed air, gas or electric power to shoot pellets or BBs. All the replicas covered on this site are suitable for target shooting.

None of the replicas covered on this site are suitable for hunting. For humane hunting, you need a specialist air pistol or rifle. These are powerful and accurate, but most aren’t replicas of firearms. If hunting is your thing, you’ll find lots of sites and books on this subject, but these aren’t covered here.   

Legal stuff

Before we talk about anything else, we need to talk about the law. You really don’t want to find yourself breaking the law, even inadvertently. Every country (and many states in the US) has its own laws regarding replicas. In some countries, these are very complicated. In the UK, for example, buying a particular type of replica that was previously sold legally can land you in jail for up to five years! You’ll find a link at the end of this article to one specifically about the arcane replica laws in the UK.

Don’t end up here – know the laws about replicas where you live!

In some countries, replicas are not allowed at all. In others, replicas have to be identified by having, for example, a bright orange tip that makes them instantly recognizable as replicas. In some countries, the laws applying to pellet and steel BB shooting replicas are different to those that apply to 6mm airsoft replicas. In many countries there are upper limits on the power of any replica. In some places there are even laws about how and where to store your replicas. There is no way here that I can provide details of all the relevant laws in all countries. So, here’s an essential piece of advice for anyone considering becoming involved in this hobby:

If you’re thinking about buying a replica, check that this is permitted under the laws that apply to your area.

How can you do that? If you’re lucky enough to have a local shop that sells replicas, go in and ask them for advice. If not, find an on-line store in your area and drop them an e-mail. Most people who sell replicas will be very happy to give you advice – after all, you might be a potential customer. If you’re still not sure, contact your local police and ask for guidance. Don’t even think about buying a replica until you’re certain that you understand the legal requirements where you live and you are sure that the replica you’re considering purchasing will comply.


The replica guns featured on this site are not toys. Those that shoot pellets and steel BBs can cause serious injury and even the plastic BBs from airsoft guns can cause injury if they hit a person or animal in the eye. You need to follow basic safety procedures when you’re shooting with replica guns. Here are eight safety rules that you should follow at all times:

Always wear eye protection. No excuses, no exceptions. Getting hit in the eye by a projectile, even a ricochet, from any replica can cause serious injury. Your normal glasses won’t provide adequate protection, especially from steel BBs and pellets, so even if you wear these while shooting, you also need additional eye protection designed for shooting. How much should you pay? That depends on how much you think your eyesight is worth!

These are Crosman airgun safety shooting glasses, but there are lots of other brands to choose from.

Never point a loaded gun at anything you don’t want to shoot. Always think about where the muzzle is pointing when you’re handling a loaded gun.

Keep your finger off the trigger until the sights are on the target. Don’t carry or handle a loaded gun with your finger on the trigger – keep your finger outside the trigger-guard until you are facing the target with the gun pointed where you want to shoot.

Always treat every replica as if it’s loaded. I’m sure there aren’t many replica owners who haven’t accidentally fired a replica they were sure wasn’t loaded. Treat every replica as if it’s loaded and follow the two rules above at all times.

Think about your backstop. What’s behind the target you are shooting at? Do you have a box or other container that will catch pellets or BBs after they have hit the target? What will happen to the pellet or BB if you entirely miss the target and the box? Pellets and BBs can travel a long distance. In some places, there are laws that you will break if any pellet or BB ends up outside the boundary of your property. Be certain that can’t happen to you and think  about what’s behind the target you are shooting at. Also think about ricochets. Steel BBs are particularly prone to bouncing back off hard surfaces. If your backstop is a wall or other hard surface, you may want to think about putting a large, softwood board behind the target to lessen the chance of ricochets.

Keep pets and spectators safe. If other people are in the area or watching you shoot, they too must wear eye protection. It’s very unlikely that you can persuade your pets to wear eye protection, so keep them safely out of the way when you’re shooting.

OK, I know, some dogs can be trained to wear goggles or safety glasses. But most can’t and my cat thinks they look silly. So please, just keep pets out of the way while you’re shooting.

Never let anyone shoot a replica who can’t understand and abide by these rules. If you want to use replicas to teach your kids to shoot, that’s fine. Just make sure they’re old enough and responsible enough to follow these rules, even if you are supervising.

If you follow these simple rules, shooting replicas can be safe and fun. If you don’t, you can cause injury to yourself or others. There is one other important safety issue to consider: most replica guns look like firearms, even those with orange tips. So there is one more important rule:

Never openly carry a replica in a public place. Hopefully, you know that anyway. Carrying what appears to be a firearm in a public place will cause concern to members of the public and provoke a pro-active and potentially lethal response from the police. Always use your replica responsibly, in your back-yard, basement or at the local shooting range. If you must transport a replica, do so in a box or bag and keep it out of sight. Never leave a replica in a vehicle in plain sight. Lock it out of sight in the boot and in a bag or box. 

Sorry to bang on about legal issues and safety, but they’re both very important. Don’t think of these replicas as pretend guns – think of them as real guns that happen to use compressed air or electrical power rather than gunpowder. I don’t mean to put anyone off, but if you can’t be legal, safe and responsible with your replica then personally, I’d rather you didn’t bother. Every time someone is injured by a replica or arrested for brandishing one in public, it simply increases pressure on the rest of us.

OK, now that you’re sure you’re following all local and national laws and you understand how to stay safe, it’s time to think about what kind of replica you want. And this is where things can get a little bewildering for the beginner.  

Pellets or BBs?

Three basic types of projectile are fired by almost all replica guns: pellets, 4.5mm steel BBs or plastic BBs in either 6mm or 8mm. Each type has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.

An airsoft 6mm plastic BB (left), a steel 4.5mm BB and a .177 pellet (right).

Most modern pellet-shooting replicas are designed to use .177” (the size denotes the outside diameter of the pellet) soft metal pellets. These are widely available and come in two basic types: flat fronted target pellets (sometimes called “wad cutter” pellets) and pointed hunting pellets. No replica pistol is suitable for hunting, and some replicas won’t load or shoot properly with pointed hunting pellets, so always use flat fronted pellets in your replica pistol. Some older replicas use larger .22” pellets. With these, you should also use flat-fronted target-type pellets.

These are Gamo Match .177 flat-fronted pellets suitable for target shooting. Almost all pellet manufacturers produce similar pellets

Replicas designed for shooting pellets always have rifled barrels. This simply means that inside the barrel, there is an engraved, spiral pattern. The soft pellet deforms to tightly fit inside the barrel and the rifling causes it to spin, increasing consistency. In general, replicas designed for use with pellets will give the greatest accuracy and consistency at target-shooting ranges of 6 – 25m. Some pellet shooting replicas are also claimed to be capable of shooting 4.5mm steel BBs. That’s technically true, because the steel BBs are slightly smaller than .177” pellets and fit into the barrel without engaging with the rifling. However, accuracy using steel BBs in a rifled barrel is generally poor and some people claim that the steel BBs can actually damage the rifling over time. My advice is: never shoot steel BBs through a rifled barrel.

The Umarex Beretta PX-4 Storm. A pellet-shooting CO2 powered replica with blowback.

Pellet-shooting replicas are generally more accurate out to longer range than BBs shooters. If you want to shoot at longer range (25m, for example) you are probably going to want a pellet shooter. The main disadvantage of pellet-firing replicas is that they can’t fully replicate the function of semi-automatic handguns. The soft pellets have to be loaded into a rotary magazine of some type and that means limited function. For example, no current pellet-shooting semi-auto replica, even those with blowback, will lock the slide back after the last round is fired. Pellets work just fine in revolver replicas and particularly those with removable shells where the function of the original is accurately replicated in all respects.

If you want something that fully mimics the function of a semi-auto pistol, you’re going to want a BB shooter. These come in two forms: those that shoot 4.5mm diameter steel BBs and those that shoot larger, plastic 6mm or 8mm airsoft BBs. What’s the difference? Steel BB replicas shoot with more power, typically up to 3 Joules (the power of replicas is measured in Joules, a function of the weight of the projectile multiplied by the speed at which it leaves the barrel) compared to around 1 Joule for 6 and 8mm BBs. Steel BBs have the capacity to cause more injury than the lighter plastic BBs and you do have to be very careful about ricochets. That doesn’t mean that plastic BBs are harmless – you must still use eye protection, but a ricochet from a plastic BB will not have the power to break the skin where a steel BB may.

In my view (and I know that many people will disagree) power is largely irrelevant for enjoyable target shooting at up to 10m. It doesn’t really matter if your BB is hitting the target at 250, 350 or even 450 FPS (feet per second). What matters is how accurately and consistently it hits the target. For this reason, I tend to favour replicas that shoot 6mm plastic airsoft BBs. IMHO, these are just as much fun to shoot, there are fewer safety concerns and, if your replica is shooting high or low, these 6mm BBs are available in a range of weights (all 4.5mm BBs weigh pretty much the same). Whether you decide to go for 4.5mm or 6mm BBs, these BB shooters are about as close as you can get to the experience of shooting a semi-auto handgun without the smell of gunpowder.


A few replica pistols are powered by springs: these are sometimes known as mechanical airguns. However, many are very low power replicas of semi-auto pistols that use the racking of the slide to compress the main spring. I have tried a few of these, but none were really satisfactory. The exceptions are a small number of replicas that use some form of break-barrel action to compress the main spring for a single shot. Most of these are pellet-shooting, accurate and of course, you don’t have to worry about gas, CO2 or keeping the batteries charged, but these don’t replicate the function of the originals.

The Umarex Browning Buck Mark URX is a single shot, mechanical airgun that shoots pellets. It looks a lot like the original, but doesn’t function in the same way.

If you want to be able to shoot more than once without reloading, you are going to want a replica powered by CO2, gas or electric power. CO2 comes in the form of 12g capsules that must be placed into the replica and pierced. CO2 powered replicas generally have more power and are the loudest of all. Most gas-powered replicas use green gas, basically odour-free propane. A few use less powerful HFC134a (also known as Duster Gas), which is basically just compressed air. Some replicas (for example, many produced by Japanese manufacturer Tokyo Marui) are designed only to use HFC134a and can be damaged by the use of Green Gas, so make certain you know what type of gas your replica uses. In general, gas-powered replica shoot with less power and noise than CO2 powered versions.

The CO2 powered Umarex replica of the Luger. It has blowback and it’s just about as close as you can get to the look, weight and function of the original. A 12g CO2 cartridge is shown beside the replica.

Both forms of gas come in aerosol cans that you use to pressurize the magazine in the replica before shooting. You can buy gas or CO2 from stockists who sell replicas. A few replica pistols (and most semi-auto submachine gun and assault rifle replicas) are powered by rechargeable battery packs. These AEGs (Automatic Electric Guns) can be fired in both semi and full auto modes. Electric pistols don’t generally have great power, but they are much quieter than other forms of replica. They’re also less susceptible to the effects of cold weather – both gas and CO2 powered replicas get notably less powerful as the temperature drops.

HFC134a (left) and Green Gas (right)

It all depends what you want. If you want a replica that gets as close as possible to the experience of shooting a firearm, perhaps you want CO2 power? If you want something relatively quiet that won’t startle your neighbours, perhaps a Duster Gas or electric replica may be best? Think about the type of shooting you intend to do and where you’ll be doing it and choose a replica that suits.

How close a replica do you want?

The reviews on this site asses all replica pistols in terms of how well they replicate the original both visually and in terms of functionality. Visually, I assess whether the replica the same size and proportions as the original, whether all the controls are replicated and whether it has authentic markings. For functionality I look at how closely a replica compares with the original for shooting, loading and disassembly – yes, I know that you don’t need to field strip a replica, but the way this can be done without tools is intrinsic to the way in which many handguns are made and I do like it when this is replicated. 

The Tokyo Marui Glock 26. Looks good, it’s a great functional replica, it has blowback and it’s a nice shooter too, but it’s quite light and not particularly powerful. It uses HFC134a.

The weight of the replica is also important. Some all-plastic replicas are great visual and functional replicas, but they are so light that they can feel a little toy-like. Metal replicas (these are usually made from zinc alloy, by the way, so very few are as heavy as the original) are much heavier. It all depends what you’re looking for. Do you want a powerful and accurate pellet shooter that perhaps isn’t such a great functional replica of a semi-auto pistol? Or are you willing to sacrifice some power and accuracy for a BB shooter that is more functionally accurate?

One of the terms you will see often in relation to replicas is blowback. But just what is this? In a semi-auto handgun, part of the energy of the cartridge is used to make the slide or bolt move rapidly rearward. When it reaches the end of its travel, a spring pushes it forward again. This movement is used to extract the spent shell casing and load a new round in the breech. Many replicas use gas or CO2 to replicate this action, moving the slide or bolt to the rear and loading a new BB in the breech ready for the next shot. This idea was pioneered in replicas in the early 1990s by German manufacturer Umarex. Now, many, many replica pistols (as well as some replica submachine guns and assault rifles) incorporate blowback.

In some cases, you’ll find virtually identical replicas, one version featuring blowback and one without. There is no doubt that blowback is a great way of replicating the feel of a semi auto pistol, but it does have drawbacks. Replicas with blowback are generally more expensive and this action uses more CO2 or gas, so you’ll get more shots from non-blowback replicas. Some non-blowback replicas are also more powerful, as all the energy of the gas or CO2 is used to push the pellet or BB down the barrel. Do you want blowback? Well, this provides an experience much closer to the original, with the moving slide replicating recoil. Generally, I prefer replicas that incorporate blowback, but, if you’re on a budget, you may want to go for a non-blowback replica.

Share your new interest

There are a number of websites and forums where you can discuss replicas. However, there is one that I discovered when I began shooting replicas and I still regularly visit: the Umarex Boys Club (UBC) forum (you’ll find a link at the end of this article). Despite its name, this doesn’t only cover products from German replica manufacturer Umarex, it isn’t just for boys and it isn’t even really a club. It is a forum where you’ll find a wealth of information about replicas and shooting and a great many helpful, welcoming and experienced people who may be able to help you if you’re stuck. This forum also has some great competitions where you can download targets, shoot them with your replicas and compare your scores with those of other members.

If you are starting (or just thinking about starting) getting involved in this hobby, I heartily recommend visiting this forum. 


So there you have it, the four steps to replica joy:

  1. Make sure you understand and comply with the laws where you live.
  2. Follow the safety rules at all times.
  3. Choose a replica that fits how you want to shoot – do you want accurate target shooting at longer range? Perhaps go for a pellet shooting replica. Do you want something that’s as close as possible to the experience of using a firearm? Maybe you want a CO2 or green gas powered BB shooting replica? Do you want something that’s quiet? Maybe an electric or Duster Gas powered replica?
  4. Join a forum such as the UBC and share your new interest.

Here are four recommendations for your first replica covering a range of prices, four different sources of power and pellets, 4.5mm steel BBs and 6mm plastic airsoft BBs. Clicking on the link will take you to a full review of each on this site.

Umarex Browning Buck Mark URX. This a relatively low-cost (around €50), single shot, break-barrel, spring powered, pellet shooting replica. It’s an inexpensive way to find out whether you enjoy shooting replicas and it’s also powerful and accurate, though it doesn’t have blowback and it doesn’t really replicate the function of the semi-auto original.

Umarex Parabellum P.08. This is a heavy, metal, CO2 powered replica with blowback that functions in almost precisely the same way as the iconic Luger and looks just like it too. It’s also loud, powerful and reasonably accurate but it shoots steel 4.5mm BBs, so you do need to be careful about ricochets. Available for around €100.

Tokyo Marui Glock 26. This is an excellent visual and functional blowback replica as well as a great shooter of 6mm airsoft BBs. However, like most products from this high-quality Japanese manufacturer, it’s all-plastic and therefore quite light. It also uses Duster Gas, so it’s fairly quiet and not especially powerful. Cost around €150.

Umarex H&K G36C IDZ. Although this site mainly covers handgun replicas, I do occasionally look at replicas of other types of firearm. This is a relatively inexpensive AEG with blowback that shoots 6mm airsoft BBs. It’s a good visual replica of the original compact assault rifle, though it is a little light, but the full auto capability is great fun and this is adequately powerful and accurate for enjoyable back-yard target shooting. Available from around €85.

Whether you decide to begin with one of these or something entirely different is, of course, up to you. I have suggested these four simply because I own examples of all of them and I know how they handle and shoot. If you’re not sure or you’d like some advice, you can always drop me an email by using the “Contact” form on this site.

Whatever you decide to go for, get out there, get shooting and have fun!

Related Posts

Airgun law in the UK

What makes a great replica pistol?

Which is the best replica, Part 1

Which is the best replica, Part 2

How to hit what you’re aiming at

How to make your BB shooting replica more accurate


Umarex Boys Club Forum

A short history of handguns from 145,991 B.C. to 2260 A.D.

“All you need for a movie is a girl and a gun”

Luc Besson


Leslie Neilson and friends in Forbidden Planet (1956)

Movies and guns, they just seem to go together. Sometimes brilliantly, sometimes hilariously badly. And it’s even better when movie props designers provide us with a vision of handguns of the future (or even the distant past, sort of). Because these often look a lot like the handguns of the present, with random bits of hardware stuck on. While most visual elements of movies set in the future seem to get the sort of attention normally associated with brain surgery, handguns are often rather neglected. We get plausibly futuristic costumes, vehicles and cityscapes but law enforcement and military personnel from the future often seem to be stuck with anachronistic handguns.

So, here’s a look at some movie and television visions of the handguns we’ll be using in a few years. They’re presented chronologically, in the order of the dates in which the various movies are set. Not a comprehensive list of sci-fi movies featuring handguns by any means – just a run through some of the more notable ones from the last forty years or so. Not including Forbidden Planet – I just liked the picture. And the futuristic wooden ladder from the 23rd Century. Incidentally some of the details below contain spoilers, especially for Battlestar Galactica.

Where air or airsoft replicas of these pistols exist, I have provided brief details, but I haven’t included details of the many non-shooting replicas which are available.

145,991 B.C.

Battlestar Galactica (TV series, 2004 – 2009)


The Gun: Colonial Warrior Handgun. OK, so now I have ruined the re-booted Battlestar Galactica TV series for anyone who hasn’t seen it and therefore doesn’t know that it is actually set in the distant past. Sorry. But really, you need to keep up…

Anyway, in Series 1 in 2004, the standard sidearm of colonial forces was the Warrior, an electronically fired, magnetic-assisted .36 magnum calibre handgun which fired a 170 grain, steel-cored bullet at close to 1400fps. Due to concerns about the stopping power of the .36 round, the Warrior also featured a single-shot, under-barrel 10mm rocket launcher as back-up.


The Prop: The basis for this gun is a Smith & Wesson 686 revolver, with a small rocket launcher and other bits and pieces added to make it look a bit different. Not a bad looking pistol, though some folk claimed that it was a bit similar to the LAPD pistol used in Blade Runner. During filming it had to be completely dismantled each time it was re-loaded with blanks, so it was discarded in favour of a new pistol based on the FN Five-Seven in Series 2.

Replicas: Off World Manufacturing Co. (really!) made a 6mm, Super Charge Blaster, which is described as a replica of a weapon “used in a popular science fiction TV Series“. OK, we get it. This appears to be a gas powered, mainly plastic revolver with removable shells, but I don’t think it’s still in production and I have never actually seen one. I don’t know how you load the shells either.


Picture from: http://www.airsoftgi.com/product_info.php?products_id=5576

A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away…

Star Wars: A New Hope (1977)

SWHanBThe Gun: BlasTech Industries DL-44 heavy Blaster pistol. Sidearm of Han Solo, the DL-44 is an particle weapon which fires a pulsed bolt of energy. The DL-44 includes some nice features such as a vibration in the grip when there is only enough power left to fire five more shots and a capacitor which allows this relatively small pistol to fire with extreme power.


The Prop: Based on a Mauser C-96, with additions including several parts from the Revell “Visible V-8 Engine” model kit (for example, the semi-circular bits stuck on the left of the magazine housing are piston halves from that kit) and an M19 azimuth telescope. But still, this is just so cool… Or at least it seemed that way back in 1977.

Replicas: I don’t know of any replicas of the DL-44, but there are a number of 4.5mm and 6mm Mauser C-96 (or M712) replicas around from Marushin, KJW and Umarex. All you need is to find a suitable old Revell model kit, and you can make your own. The picture below shows a fan-made conversion of a Marushin C-96.



Blade Runner (1982)


The Gun: M2019 PKD Detective Special.  Unlike most movie guns, very little is known about the LAPD pistol used by Rik Deckard and his fellow Blade-Runners. Even the name was invented by fans after the movie appeared, standing for Pflager-Katsumata series D Blaster, or PK-D (PKD also being, not entirely un-coincidentally the initials of the author of the story on which Blade Runner is based, Philip K. Dick). However, it appears that in just five years, the LAPD will have switched to some form of energy weapon which is capable of firing at least four shots without reloading. The function of the LEDs and double trigger isn’t known. Beyond looking cool of course. When asked for more information about the pistol in an interview, Harrison Ford famously sighed and answered “Fuck, it’s just a movie…“.


The Prop: The PK-D was constructed by combining the grip and parts of the frame of a Charter Arms .44 Special Police Bulldog revolver with the receiver and trigger from a Steyr Mannlicher .222 Model SL rifle and adding some LED lights. A great looking pistol even if it’s not readily apparent how it would actually work.

Replicas: A company called HWS produced a gas powered, 6mm “snub-nose” version of the M2019 for a while which even included working LEDs. I have never seen one, and these appear to be rarer than a very rare thing. Looks very nice, but it’s crying out for some wood grips.



Robocop (1987)


The Gun: Auto 9 pistol. By 2028, it seems that Law enforcement personnel will have reverted to more conventional handguns. The Auto 9 pistol features an extended compensator, semi, full auto and three-round burst modes and has a handy 50 round magazine. It’s also capable of firing a range of different ammunition types including armour-piercing, flechette, high-explosive and even non-lethal rounds which incapacitate rather than kill (though how different types of round are selected from a single magazine isn’t explained).


The Prop: It’s just a Beretta 93R with an extended fore end and compensator, a large magazine and an oversize rear sight. Not a huge amount of imagination here, though it looks interesting. It must have been difficult to twirl something this big before re-holstering!

Replicas: KSC used to make a gas blowback 6mm version of the Auto 9. With full and semi-auto modes, a 38 round magazine and a length of almost fifteen inches, this was a large and hefty replica. It’s also a good visual replica of the movie prop, but it has been out of production for many years now. If you find one, grab it.



Avatar (2009)


The Gun: SN-9 WASP Revolver. The SN-9 revolver fires up to six 9mm hypervelocity rounds and includes a gyroscopically stabilised aiming system. It includes mounts for a light and an optical sight with infra-red and movement sensing capabilities. It has no hammer tang, so can only be fired in double action. Unusually for a revolver, it is a select fire weapon with two-round burst mode in addition to semi-auto.


The Prop: This is based on a Ruger GP100 .357 Magnum revolver with additional alloy housings used as a barrel shroud and mounted above and below the barrel to represent the sight and flashlight. Yet another revolver from the future. Sigh.

Replicas: None known.


Aliens (1986)


The gun: H&K VP70 pistol. The polymer framed Heckler and Koch VP70 pistol was a pretty futuristic design when it was released in 1970, but who would have guessed that it would still be in use over 200 years later as the principal sidearm of the Colonial Marines? Mind you, the selection process used by the Colonial Marines for the adoption of new weapons must be almost as complex as that operated by the US Army, given that background information for the movie suggests that they have only recently adopted this pistol in 2179.


The prop: This is just a standard Heckler & Koch VP70. No modifications, no nothing. Which is either a testament to how futuristic it looked in 1986 or a guide to how little effort the props guys put into this one. Or perhaps they had just spent too much time and effort designing the very wonderful M41A Pulse Rifle?

Replicas: LS Works and UHC produced 6mm, gas blowback replicas of the VP70. Both are pretty decent visual replicas (and the UHC version includes a detachable stock) but neither are particularly great shooters and I’m not certain if either is still in production.


LS Works VP70


Star Trek: The Original Series (1966 – 1969)


The Gun: Hand Phaser. By 2260, personnel of the United Federation of planets will be using a directed energy weapon. The Phaser uses plasma, passed through a phaser emitter to produce a directed beam of Nadion particles. The beam can be widened or narrowed by the user and can be set to stun, kill or disintegrate living creatures though it can also be set to perform other useful tasks including cutting through inert material such as metal and rock.


Not many people realise that in addition to “Stun” and “Disintegrate“, the Federation Phaser pistol also has a “Personal Grooming” setting which allows it to be used for the removal of excess nose-hair. Here, an understandably nervous Captain James T. Kirk is about to demonstrate the correct procedure…

The Prop: Now, that’s more like it! The Phaser doesn’t look anything like a conventional firearm, but it’s recognisably a hand-held weapon. And it still looks really cool! How come a television prop from the 1960s manages to do what so many bigger budget productions have failed to manage since?

Replicas: None known. Shame!


Firefly (2002 – 2003)


The Gun: Moses Brothers Self-Defense Engine Frontier Model B. Five hundred years on and handguns will have reverted to a more conventional look. The weapon carried by Captain Malcolm Reynolds in Firefly was also his sidearm during the Unification war. It’s one of a series of handguns produced by Moses Brothers and functions both as a Gauss/Collgun energy weapon and a conventional semi-automatic firearm. It fires Gaus Quadload ammunition powered by a hefty battery inside the grip, but can be switched instantly to fire using a conventional hammer based cartridge system.


The Prop: This is a Taurus Model 85 revolver almost completely covered in a brass casing which makes it look rather different. Despite looking a lot like a revolver, it is claimed to be a semi-auto pistol as well as an energy weapon. The appearance of this pistol deliberately references the Volcanic Repeating pistol used in the US Civil War, supporting the many echoes of the Wild West/Post Civil War America in the series.

Replicas: None known.


So, there you are, almost 150,000 years of handgun development and they’ll still end up looking a lot like elderly revolvers. Probably. Movies provide striking and memorable visions of the future, but when you look at the Hollywood and television vision of handguns of the future (or technically the past, but it’s still basically the future, OK?), the most striking thing is the lack of imagination displayed. Most prop handguns are recognisably existing guns with bits and pieces stuck on to make them look “futuristic“. Han Solo’s iconic blaster pistol may look cool, but it’s still just a Mauser C96 with some bits of an old Revel kit stuck on it. The LAPD pistol in Blade Runner is parts of a rifle and a pistol joined together with no thought as to how it might actually work. The pistol in Aliens is simply an H&K VP70 with no effort to make it look different at all. And how many other movies set in the future have you seen where Glocks, 1911s and versions of the Beretta 92/93 are the main handguns used?

Does this really matter other than to gun nerds? I’d suggest that it does. If you are trying to depict the future, the artefacts and hardware are an intrinsic part of the way in which characters behave and interact. Of all the movie handguns here, only the Phaser from Star Trek and perhaps the WASP revolver from Avatar try to represent something genuinely different. The Phaser doesn’t resemble any existing firearm and with its ability to be used in a non-lethal mode, reflects nicely the ethos of the Federation. The very lethal caseless sabot ammunition proposed in Avatar suggests that someone actually thought about how weapons might have changed in one hundred and forty years time (though I’m still not convinced about burst mode in a revolver). When you look at how handguns have changed even in the last forty years, it does seem likely that in one or two hundred years, pistols may look and function very differently indeed and that may affect how law enforcement and military personnel behave. So, come on guys, if you’re going to show us a gun from the future, what about a bit of thought and originality?


Related pages:

The five best gun movies

Replicas in movies and television

The Five Best Gun Movies

My wife is surprisingly ungrateful when I provide helpful comments on firearm inaccuracies and anachronisms during movies. In fact, she has made it clear that unless I cease and desist, we’re likely to be watching movies separately from now on. So I thought instead I’d share with you a list of the five movies which I think should have received Oscar nominations for “Best use of firearms in a movie“. If there was such a thing. In no particular order these are movies which feature an interesting selection of guns and gunplay. They’re also movies which I have enjoyed because, let’s face it, no-one wants to sit though a dull and dreary movie just because it has a few guns in it.

The Mummy (1999)

Remember those wonderful old Hammer horror movies from the 1960s? Well, this is a sort of modern update. And it’s great. The plot…, OK, look, the plot is a bit silly. It’s some nonsense about a mummified Egyptian priest returning to bring his dead love back to life. And destroy the world. Or something. But it doesn’t really matter because the hero is played with gusto by the underrated Brendan Fraser, ably supported by Rachel Weisz, John Hannah and Kevin J. O’Connor, the special effects are reasonable, it never takes itself too seriously and the whole thing rollicks along for just over two hours without pausing to draw breath. Your wife will enjoy it. Hell, your mum would probably love it. Even your kids will enjoy it too (provided they aren’t too young – some of the scary bits are, well, quite scary). And the guns…

800px-tm_chamelot-delvigneAfter a short prelude in ancient Egypt, the bulk of the movie takes place in 1923 and 1926. Whoever was responsible for choosing the guns really knew what they were doing, and there is some great period stuff on display. Rick (Bredan Fraser) dual-wields a pair of seriously chunky French Chamelot-Delvigne Model 1873 revolvers throughout (he plays an ex-French Foreign legionnaire, so a lot of the hardware on display is French) with a Colt M1911 as back-up and a Winchester Model 1897 shotgun for when those pesky mummies are particularly thick on the ground. In an early part of the film he also uses a French Lebel M1886 rifle. The tube magazine on the eight-shot M1886 was a notoriously finicky feeder, and it was obviously impossible to get it to load properly with blanks because all the characters using this particular rifle in the movie reload after each shot (but, trust me on this, your spouse and kids won’t appreciate your pointing this out during the film).


In addition, you’ll see the Mauser C96, Lee-Enfield MkIII rifle, Mauser 98K rifle, a Lewis Gun and even a Colt Single Action Army. Every weapon in the movie is historically appropriate. Even the 1911s are M1911s, not the later and more common M1911A1, which would have been impossible in the 1923 part of the movie. I was disappointed to note in the sequel, The Mummy Returns (2001), a Browning Hi-Power. The second movie was set in 1933, and the Hi-Power wasn’t introduced until 1935. Oh dear. But this one gets the guns spot-on and there’s some unusual and interesting stuff on display. The movie’s fun too, so this one is highly recommended.

The Raid (2011)

I don’t generally like action movies. Mainly because most of them are dull, dreary and feature very little in the way of actual action. But I make an exception for The Raid from 2011 (also known as The Raid: Redemption in some parts of the world). It’s a movie made on a shoestring budget in Indonesia, featuring a largely unknown Indonesian cast and made by a Welsh director (I have no idea why). It has a basic plot and relatively little dialogue but it does feature more gun and fighting action than you’ll find in any five standard Hollywood blockbusters.


The plot, such as it is, involves a team of Indonesian SWAT type police who are sent to arrest a crime boss in a crumbling apartment block. They get in, quickly find that they have been set up for an ambush by lots of heavily armed gangsters and the rest of the movie is about their attempts to fight their way back out again. That’s it. You’re not going to lose the thread during this movie.

The police and criminals are heavily armed with a variety of weapons and most of the first half of the movie is a running gun battle. All the guns used are airsoft replicas with slow-mo bullets, muzzle flashes and ejecting shells added later using CGI. It’s kind of fun playing spot the replica – look out for a Tanaka Smith & Wesson M37 later in the film. Despite things like airsoft brass inner barrels occasionally being very obvious, the gun stuff is well done and as exciting as anything produced in Hollywood. But things really hot up when the police squad start to run low on ammo and are forced to fall back on their fighting skills.


You see, the Police (and many of the gangsters) are experts at Silat, a little-known Indonesian martial art which uses fists, feet and knives. The fight scenes are fast and breathtakingly violent. The people taking part in the movie may not be fantastic actors, but they really know how to throw a punch. Or a knife. Or a chair. They frequently appear to make full-force contact with each other, and I suspect that some scenes simply degenerated into real fights, with the camera continuing to follow the action. There are some superbly choreographed scenes, but most of the second half of the movie is raw and bloody.

If you like action, you’ll love The Raid. I never thought I’d see a movie which made Jackie Chan look like a wuss – but this one does. It is very violent though, so it may be best not to watch it with your Mum. And then you can admire all those lovely replicas…

The Wild Bunch (1969)


Sam Peckinpah’s The Wild Bunch is loosely set during the period of the Mexican revolution from 1908 – 1916, though the actual date isn’t explicitly noted. The movie is often cited as Peckinpah’s masterpiece and features a wonderful cast including William Holden, Ernest Borgnine, Robert Ryan and Warren Oates. It’s a movie that features guns and shooting heavily. To give some idea of the scale of gunfire here, more (blank) rounds were fired during the making of the film (over 90,000) than in the actual Mexican revolution. With a total body count of almost 150 and a final, apocalyptic shoot-out which incorporates over one hundred deaths and three hundred edits in just over five minutes of action, there’s a lot of shooting going on. And yet, strangely, this is also a thoughtful, reflective movie with long periods when the elderly protagonists do little more than ruminate on the absurdity of their situation.

You see, the Wild Bunch isn’t really about guns or shooting at all and to call it a Western is to miss the point – it’s really about the death of the old West and the philosophy and attitudes of that period. There are lots of guns in it but the Wild Bunch themselves know that they are anachronisms and probably doomed, but they simply don’t know how to adapt to live in the modern world. It’s also a violent film – Peckinpah wanted to show what it really looked like when someone got shot as opposed to the bloodless deaths seen in most earlier cowboy films, though the film was heavily criticised for excessive violence on release.

And the guns? The Wild Bunch and their protagonists use the Colt 1911 and the Single Action Army and a variety of shotguns and rifles. For the most part the guns used are appropriate, though it’s occasionally obvious that Spanish Star Model B pistols are used in place of 1911s. The 1911 doesn’t work reliably with blanks, and the 9mm Star is often used as a movie stand-in. The Model B is visually similar to the 1911, though it doesn’t have a grip safety and has a large, external extractor on the right of the slide. The only real firearm anachronism in the movie is the Browning M1917 machine gun which features during the latter part of the film. This obviously wouldn’t have been around in the period covered by the movie though it’s close enough not to jar too much. The sheer volume of gunfire and the graphic depiction of its effects make this essential viewing for anyone interested in the old West and/or the firearms of this period.


The Wild Bunch is a film about doomed men who accept their fate but are determined not to go quietly. It’s not an action movie in any sense – it’s a thoughtful, slow, melancholy rumination on getting old and finding that you no longer have a place in the world in which you find yourself. Though it is punctuated by short bursts of extreme violence. So, it’s short on laughs, but at least the opening credits should make you smile. Peckinpah allegedly became exasperated with Robert Ryan’s incessant demands for top billing (which he didn’t get – top billing went to William Holden). In the opening credits, the scene freezes on the faces of William Holden and then Ernest Borgnine as their names appear on screen. As Ryan’s name appears, the screen freezes on a shot of several horse’s rear-ends.

Winchester 73 (1950)

As you may have guessed from the title, this black and white western follows the rifle of the title as it is first won in a shooting contest by cowboy Lin McAdam (played by the ever reliable James Stewart) and then, after being stolen from him, passes through the hands of several interesting characters. The story also follows McAdam as he pursues a parallel story featuring that most cliched of western quests – a search for the man who killed his father.


Action shooting contest, circa 1870.

Other than the Winchester of the title, the movie features Martini-Henry repeating rifles, Springfield carbines and of course, lots of Colt Single Action Army pistols. The use of firearms in the movie suggests that whoever was involved in the selection process knew a great deal about their history and use.   At one point there is a discussion of the deficiencies of the US army’s Springfield Carbine and how these may have contributed to the massacre of Custer and his men. The shooting action is pretty good too and the final shootout is still regarded as a classic. They obviously didn’t worry too much about damage to stars then either – you’ll see Jimmy Stewart take several facefulls of dust and stone chips from “near misses”.


Sneering bad guy. Note hat.

The movie tells a complex, episodic story in just 92 minutes – I imagine if it were to be re-made today we’d be treated to hours of angsty introspection, but in the typical style of the 1950s this gallops along with barely a pause in the action. It’s a good cast too. Surprisingly, this was Stewart’s first leading role in a straight Western (though he had starred in the spoof Destry rides again in 1939) and he went on to make many, many more. The rest are pretty good too, with Stephen McNally as snarling bad guy Dutch Henry Brown, Millard Mitchell as McAdam’s sidekick and Will Geer as Wyatt Earp. Best of all though is Dan Duryea as the giggling and psychotic Waco Johnny Dean. It’s also worth watching to spot a couple of young and relatively unknown actors who would go on to bigger things – Rock Hudson (in an unlikely piece of casting) plays an Indian Chief who leads his warband against a small group of US cavalry whose ranks include a very young Tony Curtis.

This has everything you could want from a Western – a nasty bad guy (who wears a black hat), morally upstanding good guys, Indian attacks, the US Cavalry, shooting and lots of historically accurate firearms. There just isn’t a better way to spend a wet afternoon.

Equilibrium (2002)

The previous four movies are notable for their use of realistic and historically accurate firearms. This one is pure sci-fi fantasy, but it does feature lots of guns. The plot is fairly standard sci-fi stuff: It’s 2072, and following a catastrophic third world war, the Tetragrammaton, the ruling body in the country of Libria, has decided to avoid the possibility of any future conflict by forcing the population to take daily doses of Prozium, a mood altering drug which leaves them docile and free of troublesome emotions. Some people object and try to avoid taking the drugs. These sense criminals are ruthlessly hunted down by Grammaton Clerics, a quasi-religious group of highly trained enforcers who use Gun Kata, a combination of martial arts and handguns to deadly effect. OK, so it’s actually a completely rubbish plot which sounds as if it was scribbled on the back of an envelope by a fourteen year old with ADHD. Yet somehow, this manages to be an entertaining little movie.


Christian Bale, Sean Bean, Emily Watson, Taye Diggs and David Hemmings all do their best to look as though they’re taking it seriously and Gun Kata is simply an excuse for lots of cool gunplay mixed in with dramatic martial-arts style poses. Though there is some sort of lame attempt to justify it all:

“Through analysis of thousands of recorded gunfights, the Cleric has determined that the geometric distribution of antagonists in any gun battle is a statistically-predictable element. The Gun Kata treats the gun as a total weapon, each fluid position representing a maximum kill zone, inflicting maximum damage on the maximum number of opponents, while keeping the defender clear of the statistically-traditional trajectories of return fire.

DuPont, Vice Councillor of the Tetragrammaton

In this movie, guns have changed surprisingly little in 2072. The Cleric use a modified Beretta 92FS (with some cool additional features) and their henchmen use H&K G36 assault rifles and MP5 machine pistols. Though for no readily apparent reason, the Cleric also use Samurai swords on occasion. And it’s notable that, like the war films of the 60s and 70s, the goodies here appear to use live rounds while the baddies seem to have been issued mainly with blanks. With its mix of balletic martial arts moves and guns, it’s difficult not to draw comparisons with the Matrix, but there is one small but important difference: Christian Bale and Sean Bean manage to convincingly portray men with no emotions. Kenau Reeves, Carrie-Ann Moss and the rest of the Matrix cast appear to be unable to convincingly portray any emotions at all.


The handgun of the future. Apparently.

It would have been nice to see a little more imagination in the design of guns from the future. By 2072, the Beretta 92 design will be more than 100 years old – surely we could expect the Cleric to have something a little more cutting-edge? And don’t expect anything deep in terms of a story – it’s all gloriously silly, but also kind of fun and glossy and cool and the cast do their best to give it all some gravitas. Just don’t try those Gun Kata moves with your replicas – you’ll almost certainly end up shooting a BB up your nose!

Happy viewing!

Related pages:

Replica guns in movies and television